Impulse control (or a lack of it) has been linked to health outcomes, school and job success, and personal finances. The idea that people have voluntary control over their impulses and urges also permeates our current socio-economic and legal systems. Therefore, establishing a good understanding of impulse-control mechanisms could be hugely beneficial for both individuals and society at large. Yet many fundamental questions remain unanswered.

We use carefully designed behavioural paradigms, cognitive neuroscience techniques (TMS & EEG), physiological measures (e.g. facial EMG), and mathematical modelling of decision-making to specify the origin and control of impulsive actions. The ultimate goal is to replace the currently dominant ‘inhibitory control’ models of impulsive action with detailed multifaceted models that can explain impulsivity and control across time and space.